What is a Gel Cell Battery- Advantages and Disadvantages of a Gel Battery

what is a gel cell battery

Energizing something via a battery is the most common way to give any device a head start. The use of battery power has been on demand for a very long time and with technology getting more advanced, battery manufacturers have been finding out new innovative ways to be resourceful to the consumers. There are many existing types of batteries in the market already and the limit to explore and expand has not been muted in any way, therefore companies have been creating new batteries and upgrading to something more serviceable like the gel battery also known as gel cell battery. So let’s get to the quintessence of what is a gel battery.

What is a gel cell battery?

As you can already see, it is hinted at in the name itself. In such batteries, gel formula is used instead of the orthodox liquid electrolytes. Basically what goes on is that the gel is converted to the electrolytes, the gel form emerges because silica fumes are used to turn the sulfuric acid into a jelly-like matter. This process does not mean that fusing the gel instead of liquid will cause any trouble, it is a noteworthy upgrade to stop spilling the liquid from the battery. As we all know that spilling and splashing is one common mishap of wet cell batteries, also known as flooded batteries. Gel batteries can be worked feasibly in vehicles and other applications, even inside your house.

A breakdown of three battery types

In short, inside a gel cell battery, silica turns the sulphuric acid into a jelly form and used as electrolytes. Stronger of the lot, gel batteries can be used fluently in deep cycle application, powering up a solar unit to an electric wheelchair and more. The gel batteries have some downfalls too, they cannot bear extreme electrical flow, cannot be used in fast charging and discharging situations. Apart from the negative traits, gel cell batteries are very handy and durable for people who are looking for less maintenance and decent performance in powering up their desired units, do keep in mind that this battery type is not the jack of all trades, but a few feasible ones.

The Wet Cell batteries use acid electrolytes and lead plates. Flooded batteries are not sealed units, therefore they discharge gas, steam, etc directly into the environment through ventilation. This battery type desires maintenance unlike a gel cell battery, acid electrolytes need to be catalyzed through filling water every now and then. The good thing about wet cell batteries is that the charging rate is very rapid in comparison to gel cell batteries, but they need to be maintained well to extract a good output.

Inside an AGM battery, the electrolytes are rooted in place using a separator. This battery type is specially designed to work at high temperatures and provide a high charging rate to low discharge rate and generates more cycles compared to a gel battery at a lower price. AGM batteries come fully sealed like gel units and are substantially powerful at an affordable price tag.

Maintenance of a Gel battery

Maintaining a gel cell battery is absolutely hassle-free. Just make sure it is stored properly and you are good to go. Gel batteries are completely sealed and therefore require no add on maintenance like water removal and all. These batteries are far more flexible and durable than wet cell batteries. Although a bit higher on the price, it is inevitable to perform to the fullest. The full sealed on feature also makes it safer for use. So if you want a power unit that is durable and lasts longer, needing no maintenance every now and then, then the gel cell batteries are the ones you should purchase.

Advantages of a gel cell battery

– This battery type doesn’t need any maintenance, the battery is well constructed with features to upkeep itself.

– This battery doesn’t spill, therefore immaculate all the time.

– In terms of safety standards it is very safe due to a completely sealed unit.

– Easy to move on and placed in indifferent areas, unlike wet cell batteries that require a designated space.

– Gel batteries can endure shock and vibrations at ease.

– Doesn’t emit hydrogen fumes.

– Doesn’t need to be placed in a ventilated area.

– It is easy to bring back to life even if unused for a long time.

– Can be used in solar power units, electric wheelchairs, electric cars, etc.

– Best use for deep-cycle applications

Advantage of a Gel Battery

Disadvantages of a gel battery

– Needs special chargers to charge

– Slower rate of charging compared to a lead-acid battery.

– Overcharging can cause internal damage and degrade the charging capability.

– Prone to deteriorate slightly when exposed to high temperature.

– Highly-priced compared to other battery options.

So we now have a clear picture of what is a gel cell battery, but it is also important to know the difference between other battery types as well because people tend to misunderstand and confuse AGM batteries with Gel batteries. 

Final verdict

Knowing what is a gel cell battery is beneficial to any consumer willing to purchase a battery for solar units, power wheelchairs, electric cars, etc. If you are looking for a unit that is best suited for deep cycling, the gel cell battery will do wonders in terms of performance and output. You have to keep in mind that gel cell batteries require special charging units only designed for a particular cause otherwise fated to fail.

You can look for 12V Gel cell smart battery chargers available in the market. Gel cell batteries are a good way to start being environmentally conscious. Using a gel cell battery will not emit fumes into open-air, unlike wet cell batteries. Extremely durable in resisting shocks and vibrations. This particular battery type needs no maintenance and can serve for a longer period as a deep cycling battery